Women who attended breastfeeding groups were older (PConclusion A policy for providing breastfeeding groups in relatively deprived areas of Scotland did not improve breastfeeding rates at 6 8 weeks. Professional support interventions extending through pregnancy, birth, and after birth are more effective than interventions concentrating on a shorter period.8 Interventions that tackle health inequalities in breast feeding are particularly needed, as younger more disadvantaged women are less likely to breast feed.4 The UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence endorses the WHO/UNICEF baby friendly hospital initiative’s 10 steps to successful breast feeding as a minimum standard for postnatal care.9 10 The 10th step is to foster the establishment of breastfeeding support groups and refer mothers to them at discharge from hospital. A randomised controlled trial of the baby friendly hospital initiative, without step 10, increased the duration of breast feeding until 1 year in Belarus11; however, the generalisability of these findings to the United Kingdom is uncertain.12A preliminary, non randomised, controlled intervention study offering group based breastfeeding peer coaching, one to one breastfeeding peer coaching, or both significantly increased any breast feeding (exclusive or partial) at two weeks after birth by 6.8 (95% confidence interval 1.2 to 12.4) percentage points, from 34.3% to 41.1%.13 14 The intervention was not effective in one area, however, and the researchers hypothesised that relationships between health professionals could determine outcome.15 In addition, the extent to which the action research method contributed to the success of the intervention was unclear.16 That preliminary study informed the Breastfeeding in Groups (BIG) trial design.Our aim was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a policy for providing breastfeeding groups for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.
Be cautious.”Boots new Resurfacing Skin Paste promises expensive salon skin peel results for just 18 a tubeShe asked Facebook users to share the image so it could reach as many parents, guardians and babysitters as possible, writes the Mirror .”It could mean the difference between life or death,” she warned.Her post has been shared more than 100,000 times, prompting her to add a second message explaining how she knows about the marks.She said: “I never expected this to get so much attention, but since it is, to clarify some of the things I’m seeing being questioned, this is in reference to changing stations in single person bathrooms and in handicapped stalls.”Yes this is VERY REAL. I am a recovering addict myself, which is why I made this post in the first place, to warn all the unsuspecting parents who would never think something like this when looking at a changing table.”Along with people using them as tables while they shoot up, they are also OFTEN used by addicts to bust drugs out and crush them up upon. So again, be cautious.”Friends commented on the picture, thanking the mum and saying: “I shared this! So good for people to know.”In response, Jessica said she was glad it had reached so many people and claims to have received messages from people telling her they always thought it was just dirt.Like us on FacebookFollow us on TwitterDaily NewsletterPrivacy noticeUK WorldNora Quoirin’s body was ‘in plain sight with head in hands like she was asleep’One of the team that found 15 year old Nora Quoirin’s body in the Malaysian jungle says it was not hidden or covered.